By 1913 it was owned by Dunsany. Their numbers grew in the following century (as the early marriage records in Barbados would indicate). Families often owned several plantations and the acreage of each often changed when owners bought and/or sold plots of nearby land. The main source of labor, until the abolition of chattel slavery, was enslaved Africans. G. L. (George Laurie), lessee, Ward, E. L. (Edmund Lisle) and J. W. (James William). To get an e-mail update when a new post is added to BajanThings add your e-mail address below and click on the SUBSCRIBE button. In the nineteenth (19th) century Barbados had just over ten Sugar Factories and sugarcane was harvested by using thousands of African slaves. You can tell the columns that have been sorted as they only show a red arrow. The sizes quoted here had been recorded as of 1915. The sugar cane fields depended on cheap labour to plant and harvest and turn the cane into sugar and often rum. “A Topographical Map of the Island of Barbados, based on a survey taken by W. Mayo, in 1721, corrected and improved to 1859 by A. Taylor” http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/onlineex/maps/americas/4799411.html, HTML tags allowed in your comment:
. St. Nicholas Abbey: Interesting View of Barbados Sugar Plantations of the Past - See 2,410 traveler reviews, 1,580 candid photos, and great deals for Saint Peter Parish, Barbados… Marshall, A. L. (Arthur Lloyd) & Croney, J. E. The S. P. G. (leased by Watson, King, Evelyn), Skinner, Clifford; Perkins, F.L. This birds-eye view from the water testifies to the high productivity of sugar plantations in Barbados by picturing the island’s only major harbor lined with warehouses and thronged with shipping. The Barbados Agricultural Management Company (BAMC) manages and operates the sugar industry. Yet it was also the only colony to support the abolition of the slave trade. The Barbados Handbook of 1912 only included plantations with operating steam and wind … Barbados was one of England's most popular colonies, with a rich economy based on sugar and slavery. This is a question. You can check the 1859 map by Taylor. By 1685 it had grown to 420 acres passed to William Merricke. However, several less well known areas are the setting for some highly prized and utterly unique investment opportunities. In Barbados: British rule. The sizes quoted here had been recorded as of 1915. Evening. If you have not, keep silence, – yea, even from good words.”. A modern factory had at least 3 “stations”, i.e. XLV. If you'd like an e-mail update when a new post is added to BajanThings add your e-mail address below and click on the Subscribe button. Plantations and Sugar works in Barbados 1912-14 & 1924 were transcribed by Frances Ward and Jim Webster from multiple sources that include: Extract from the 1912 Barbados Handbook Sugar-Works section. The information contained in these tables is provided on an “as is” basis by the authors. Drax rarely comments on his ancestors’ history of slave owning. From the Barbados plantation rum of the 1700s to the Barbados rum punch of today, our paradise island is now famous for producing the best rum in the Caribbean. After emancipation over half of the near 1000 plantantion-estates became tenantry villages and remain villages to this day. Initially, sugar was used on the island for internal purposes of feedstock, fuel and rum production but as larger plantations exported sugar, Barbados was seen through the eyes of the British as a major attraction. Company, By 1913 the owner was Lears Estate Company, Foursquare, Grove, Brewsters, Sandy Hill & Thurban, Originally built in 1650 by John Parris it consisted of 247 acres. The family ran a cotton plantation. Plantation locations and owners are for general information. When encouraging his friend to tackle the Handbook project, Darnell Davis must have been well aware of the hours of research, compilation and editing required with such a project, having himself done extensive research on Barbadian history for his 1887 publication, “The Cavaliers and Roundheads of Barbados.”, By the time the 1912 Handbook was ready for publication, Sinckler had come to the realisation of projects scope when he wrote in the introduction: “To the man or woman who undertakes to criticise the work, I shall only put one question, have you ever compiled a Handbook? Sugar has been an ideal crop for Barbados. Co. Ltd, Carlton, Mt. The Ward brothers came from Penny Hole, St. Philip, where their father, a shoemaker by trade, had saved enough to buy a plot of between 10 – 20 acres.  It was enough land to get on the list of eligible voters in 1871. Windmills were abundant back then and utiised … The authors assume no responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions in the content. Harvested sugar cane is no longer processed at the plantations but is taken to a central processing plant and then refined for export. Water Hall, Clintons & York), Hinkson, E. et al, trustees to the estate of Robert Arthur, dec’d, Nightingale, G. A., dec’d, Executors of, Carlton, Mt. Forster Hall, St. Joseph owned in 1914 by E. Walcott and H. Wood. A. White gold as it was called, produced great wealth, fame and stature for the island and the original plantation owners, and was in many ways suited to the island. Barbados has a number of plantations and great house properties that were instrumental in the islands' booming sugar trade. As of 2017, owned by. R. (Richard), executor of, Haynes, J. T. (John Torrence) and C. G. (Catherine Garrett), Boxill, Dr. N. L. (Norman Lawrence); Pile, Hon. Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site.  Although the family had settled in Barbados, with the arrival of James and Robert Ward, in 1635 it wasn’t until the 20th century that their descendants became landowners of any extent. A. J. The political infrastructure of Barbados drew wealthy landowners; with political participation tied to landowning, they reigned supreme. In addition at the top left of the table you can paginate the table and choose to show, 10, 25,50,100. You can also sort by a column by clicking the arrow adjacent to the column title in the table header. When I was inquiring about the Pile family, Barbados historian Karl Watson recalled a Bajan saying from his youth, “The Howells only spoke to the Sealy’s, the Sealy’s only spoke to the Pile’s and the Piles only spoke to God!”. The information contained in these tables is provided on an “as is” basis by the authors. In 1674 it was owned by John Bawden and John Sparke, then 1690 by Timothy Thornhill, 1694 by Reynold Alleyne, 1800 by John Gay Alleyne and by 1913 the owner was Johnson & Hinkson, In 1671 built by Sir John Yeamans, William Cox, William Dottinge, Reynold Kelsall the 281 acres were sold to James Harding and then to John Merricke. Browne, S., Smith, Howard M. & Smith, E. _. H. Challenor, Robert - Trustee for Mrs. Seymore Kane and Mrs. A. H. Wood, the 1912, 1913, 1914 Barbados Handbooks and, the Barbados Museum and Historical Society Journal Vol. Slaves were brought into Barbados to work on the sugar plantations. The years from 1912 to 1914 marked a transition period in the history of Barbados sugar industry. Historically it had been the plantocracy who were the decision makers in Barbados society and it was clear that as the island moved into the 20th Century many of those traditional planter families wished to maintain their influence by migrating into other areas of business. With its pristine white sand beaches and views of crystal clear turquoise water, the island of Barbados has long been one of the most popular destinations in the Caribbean for overseas property buyers. The Sugar Revolution In 1642, Barbados was introduced to sugar farming by the Dutch, and this became the new source of revenue and has since become a major part of Barbados' history. Barbados then became one of the most attractive British colonies. The entire island was quickly stripped of an internal frontier and transformed into endless fields of sugar plantation. Sugar Plantations in Barbados. A Barbados Family Tree With 'Sugar In The Blood' In her new book, Andrea Stuart explores the intersection of sugar, slavery, settlement, migration and survival in … (Walter Audley) dec’d, The executors of, B'dos Handbook 1913 - details applied to 1912, Barclay Family. English planters first began growing sugarcane in Barbados in the 1640s, using a mixture of convicts and prisoners from the British Isles and enslaved people from Africa. Harvested crops where brought to the plantations’ grinding windmills. Today, their descendants are still there, adding to the rich culture of Barbados.  In 1882 Barbados passed legislation against the assignee lien. It does not handle complex searches like “Parris” OR “Mahon” or “Parris” AND “Mahon”. Our sugar has always been grown, milled and loved in Barbados. But in her exceptional new book, Sugar in the Blood: A Family’s Story of Slavery and Empire, Andrea Stuart insists Barbados, with its long history of slavery, matters more than we know. the cane was crushed three times, and sometimes more. Haggat’s, St. Andrew owned in 1914 by G. Hutson. For example put in: “Lion Castle” and you will see all rows that contain the text “Lion Castle” or put in a name such as: “Parris”. In later years there were two foundries in Barbados, namely Central Foundry and  the Barbados Foundry on White Park Road (now the court buildings). In Barbados, the imposing plantation house, Drax Hall, built around 1650, still stands – the oldest house in the western hemisphere – and sugar is still grown on the plantation. Soon it wins the hearts of the English sailors. Balls was once a sugar plantation of about four hundred acres. In serene… Most head to either the West Coast or the South Coast in search of luxury homes for sale in Barbados. By sorting on the “Owner” or “Owner Surname” column we can learn which individuals or families, or companies were the biggest land owners by number of estates, or number of acres; whether the same owners were in a similar position in 1924 as they were in 1912.  Who owned the largest estate and who owned the smallest, which had been consolidated and which had been sold off in lots? Sugar Bay Barbados offers a unique location just twenty (20) minutes from the airport and two (2) minutes from Bridgetown, the capital of Barbados. 329–345. It is a designated property of the Barbados National Trust. The old plantation houses that once belonged to plantation owners were built after the British arrived in Barbados in 1625. By 1913 the owner was Fisherpond Est. Standfast, Reids Bay (Weston), Sion Hill, Westmoreland, Skeete, E. B. dec'd - T. S. (Torrence Seymore) And E. B. Skeete, trustees to the estate of, Lawrance, Edward dec’d, The trustees of, Manning, Miss Ellen and Sealy, Mrs. Alice, Foursquare, Grove, Brewsters, Sandy Hill & Thurban, Maloney, J. The same year Thomas Gibbs sold 48 acres to Renold Kellsall and 20 acres to Robert Gibbs who still owned it in 1675. Sugar has been an ideal crop for Barbados. Your e-mail address will automatically be added / removed from the BajanThings subscriber list. Duration. Most people are familiar with slavery in the antebellum US South. the Todd estates, at Old Asylum wall.  Rounding out the Pile family was R. P. Pile, a solicitor with Cottle, Catford and Co. A search on the Haynes Family in the Handbook is equality impressive and perhaps indicative of an even broader reach than the Pile family influence. In particular, funds from Panama workers were sent back to help their families in Barbados. To improve efficiency and maintain production costs, the Barbados industry has also moved from labor-intensive to full mechanization. Yet many of them never looked a slave in the eye or experienced the brutal realities of plantation life. is the Receiver in Chancery for Belle View, Haynes, J. The authors make no warranties about the completeness, reliability or accuracy of the information. Here, you’ll sit down to a buffet lunch followed by a guided tour of the mansion. The Sugar Revolution transformed Barbados from a colony of small landholdings to an entirely deforested island, covered in plantations worked by enslaved Africans and owned by a handful of elites. Record levels of white-owned wealth and black deaths defined the slave plantation as a “best practice” in the new business culture. Carlton, Mt. It made good sense to grow sugar economically and horticulturally as its root structure helped to preserve the fragile top soil. The Handbooks of Barbados, during the period of 1912 – 14, presented a comprehensive guide to most everything about Barbados: part visitor guide, weather guide, political guide, island directory, history book, guide to tariffs, fees and railway fares and a listing of sugar-works (estates). Plantations in Barbados were cultivated in various groups and this enabled the island to swiftly become the largest sugar producer in the world.  The family still owns Brighton’s to this day. The sugar plantations, stocked with thousands of easily replaceable enslaved Africans, spun super-profits. 1962 joes river sugar estates limited, per managing director f.d. 12pm—5pm. Keep in mind that these steel monsters weigh several tons apiece, and a mill station consists of three. Barbados Plantations Index According to Parishes (This is not a complete nor an official list. Drax Hall's sugar plantation in Saint George, Barbados, had a workforce of around 327 enslaved people for nearly 200 years. The Portuguese introduced sugar plantations in the 1550s off the coast of their Brazilian settlement colony, located on the island Sao Vincente. Most Caribbean islands were covered with sugar cane fields and mills for refining the crop. Just 149 acres in 1817 when it was owned by Sarah Hacket Straghan by 1913 the owner was West Indian Estates Ltd. One of the earliest estates in 1649 the owner William Gibbs sold its 130 acres to Thomas Merricke. One of the oldest surviving sugar plantations on the island is St. Nicholas Abbey, which also has the distinction of being one of three remaining Jacobean mansions in the Western Hemisphere. Long before Barbados became a travellers’ destination, renowned for its beautiful beaches, the island was a lucrative English colony and a source of exotic commodities, particularly sugar. When you look at the tables above you’ll see that in 1924 the largest owners by surnames are Pile, Gill, Ward and Haynes.  Two of the four families had been plantation owners for generations while the Ward Family, acquired their first plantation from Chancery in 1900. To remove yourself, add your e-mail address and click on the Unsubscribe button. Barbados, like most of the Caribbean and the U.S., was built on the backs of slaves. Ronnie Hughes: Barbadian Sugar Plantations 1640 to 1846 listing. (Joseph Alleyne) , dec'd _ Hayne, Hon. William Burton (BajanThings) is featured on. This spreadsheet consolidates the Barbados Almanacs 1848 to 1871 data, the Barbados Handbook 1912 -1914 and data for 1924 from BMHS (Barbados Museum & Historical Society) Journal Vol. Hi, The Thickets, Three Houses and Wiltshire were all in that proximity. Before 1642 sugar was used in Barbados mainly as fuel, in the production of rum, and to feed livestock. On a phone or tablet, swipe left or right, up or down within the table. The imposing plantation house, Drax Hall was built around 1650, 20 years or so after James and William Drax sailed to Barbados to make a fortune. What had once been a sugar industry with over 400 small factories was now down to 112 steam and 219 wind driven sugar-works in 1913. The Ward name is often associated with Mount Gay Rum, named after Mount Gay plantation which was owned by Aubrey Ward. Tryhane, W. A. E. (William) & McConney, T. N. In occupation of Hon. – Wikipedia. Morning. Once owned by the Balls family, by 1913 it passed to the Yearwoods before finally becoming the home of the Barbados Horticultural Society. Standfast, Sion Hill, Westmoreland, Weston, By 1913 the owner was Wilkinson & Rutherford, By 1913 the owner was Birch et al. Barbados, like most of the Caribbean and the U.S., was built on the backs of slaves. ), Radar Graph of Number of Operating Plantations by Parish: 1912, 1913, 1914 & 1924 (Excludes those lands that were in Tenantry, Sold in Lots, Consolidated or Unlisted). Many of the remaining properties are now protected by the Barbados National Trust and very few may have been passed down to current family members. The Handbooks of Barbados were only published for a span of three years after which, whether due to the start of the war in Europe or other circumstances, they were discontinued. Published just before the start of the First World War, the Handbooks give a detailed snapshot of Barbados at that time. Much effort was made to grow sugar cane varieties that provide better sugar content and resistance to insect damage.”. There has been much written about the struggles within the British West Indian sugar industry post-emancipation both for the plantation owner and the workers that relied upon sugar for their livelihood.  Unlike a number of colonies where estate ownership was largely non-resident, Barbados maintained a higher level of local ownership than most with less than 50% of the cultivated land, according to the 1861 Barbados Almanac, foreign owned. This birds-eye view from the water testifies to the high productivity of sugar plantations in Barbados by picturing the island’s only major harbor lined with warehouses and thronged with shipping. JAVASCRIPT IS DISABLED. Today only Andrews Sugar Plantation and Factory in St. Joseph and Portvale in St. James produces sugar. Though life was harsh for all fieldworkers, there were important legal distinctions between the slaves and indentured servants. In the nineteenth (19th) century Barbados had just over ten Sugar Factories and sugarcane was harvested by using thousands of African slaves. In 1911 the Barbados House of Assembly passed an act supporting the establishment of large, central sugar-grinding factories. The Barbados Planters worked hard to maintain control of their sugar production and land ownership refusing to adopt the Encumbered Estates Act of 1854 which, in the case of bankruptcy, assigned ownership to those that held liens against an estate, most often British Commercial firms. Many of these now historic homes were built with Jacobean and Georgian styles while the modest chattel houses inhabited by slaves were built of wooden structures set on blocks which aided in easy movement from one plantation to another. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Jl of Caribbean History 43 (2009) : 1-36. Drax Hall's sugar plantation in Saint George, Barbados, had a workforce of around 327 enslaved people for nearly 200 years. (Clement Augustus), Archer, Dr. L. T. F. (Leonard Thomas FitzSamuel), Walcott, E. A. and Wood, E. G. Harte (Edward), Gill, C. A. D. (Clement Arlington Dalrymple), Forte, N.A.  Over the intervening years the Gills would add a number of additional plantations until the sixteen recorded in 1935, in the Barbados Yearbook and Who’s Who. London, 1695. In 1911, Police Magistrate E. Goulbourn Sinckler took it upon himself, at the inducement of his friend N. Darnell Davis, to compile a Barbados Handbook of ready facts and information. St. Nicholas Abbey Plantation. Jl of Caribbean History 43 (2009) : 1-36. This list originated from the papers of the late Robert Taylor and help highlight changes within the sugar industry since 1914, such as, plantation ownership, amalgamations, consolidation of operations and the further conversion of land from agriculture to lots and tenantries. Filter • Filter Close. “One of the key supporting industries to the sugar-works were the foundries that produced the heavy rollers used to crush the cane. Chronicle Carbados - 1600s Barbados Public Records, 1913 Barbados Plantations and Owners Names, Plantations & Sugar-works Barbados Handbooks 1912 - 1914, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_plantations_in_Barbados&oldid=993918895, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.  This trend would continue beyond 1924 as more plantations consolidated or land was converted to housing or industrial uses. (Rupert Aubrey Augustus) & W. (WILLIAM Edwin), Whittaker, E. T. et al, Representatives of, Spring (incl. Families often owned several plantations and the acreage of each often changed when owners bought and/or sold plots of nearby land. A relatively modern plantation built in 1913 by Rene Mourraille and currently houses a private school. Rock Hall is a moving memorial to the system that dominated Barbados’s economic and social life for almost 200 years and forced an estimated half-million Africans to … Instead the indebted Barbadian plantocracy chose an alternate path utilising the Chancery Court to help restrict the sale of estates to outside interests.  As we shall see, this was to be very fortuitous for a number of Barbadian families who, at the end of the 19th century, were both astute enough and financially able to purchase estates out of Chancery, often for pennies on the dollar of previously appraised value. The island’s temperate climate, beautiful sunshine, gentle trade winds and cooling rains have been crucial factors in creating the perfect conditions for growing sugar cane since the 1600s. New Barbadian sugar planters as well as traders became immensely wealthy. Rum has already won the hearts of island sailors and is not new to the island of Barbados. XLV, _Unlisted – the information was not in the original documents, _Consolidation is used when plantations have been combined into one operation, _No Works means the wind or steam works are no longer in operation or exist, _Sold in Lots – plantations which were subdivided on sold as small lots usually an acre or two, Barrow, Christine – Ownership and Control of Resources in Barbados: 1834 to Present by Author (1983), Goddard, Robert – “The Fall of the Barbados Planter Class: An Interpretation of the 1980s Crisis in the Barbados Sugar Industry.” Agricultural History, vol. Top Barbados Plantation Tours. It continued to produce sugar in large volumes and trade this sugar with the rest of the world. Search experiences that may have limited interaction with crowds. ; Springer, Richard. It is the oldest house in the Western hemisphere. The Sugar Cane Club is located in the northern most part of what is considered the islands Platinum West Coast. Whenever there is new content added to BajanThings you will receive an e-mail telling you of the update. In the preceding years many Barbadians had emigrated to the United States, Canada and the Panama Canal region. Ronnie Hughes: Barbadian Sugar Plantations 1640 to 1846 listing. But in her exceptional new book, Sugar in the Blood: A Family’s Story of Slavery and Empire, Andrea Stuart insists Barbados, with its long history of slavery, matters more than we know. The switch to sugar and then to slavery and then to the integrated plantation was more sudden in Barbados than in Virginia, but it was a process with a series of … Part III Sugar Works in Barbadosfrom the Handbook of Barbados -1912. Was there a Plantation at Thickets in St. Philip? Walcott, E. A., Estate of and Wood, E. G. H. Fairfield, including Barrows & Coconut Hall. Tory MP Richard Drax who owns a Barbados sugar plantation refused to back Black Lives Matters protests. Water Hall, Clintons, & York), Carrington's & Chapel, Woodbourne, Valley Hill, Three Houses Factory Ltd (Browne S. et al). The entire island was quickly stripped of an internal frontier and transformed into endless fields of sugar plantation. The Tory MP still owns the establishment, which is … Sunbury Plantation House: Barbados Sugar Plantation - See 391 traveler reviews, 299 candid photos, and great deals for Saint Philip Parish, Barbados, at Tripadvisor. The production of sugar required – and killed – hundreds of thousands of enslaved Africans. A. C. C. Gill, the Rector of Christ Church Parish Church from approximately 1833 is recorded as owner of Adam’s Castle from 1854. Built in 1717 by Abel Dottin and passed in 1783 to, Built in 1715 by John Whetstone, by 1817 the owner was Joseph Lowe, in 1844 James Holder Alleyne and then by 1913 the owner was still Alleyne. Tobacco and cotton were once the main agricultural crops in Barbados before Dutch merchants introduced sugar cane to Barbadian planters in the mid 1600s. They had several massive lathes needed to cut the various grooves found on the surface of a cane roller. The ocean is shown churned up—not by a storm, given the fluffy clouds that ornament the view, but by the movement of ships. More. By 1757 owned by Henry Bishop, 1817 by John Marshall Morris and 1820 the 250 Acres owned by James Thomas Rogers and William Marshall Morris.  R. Haynes is a member of the Legislative Council, the Solicitor General, a Magistrate and also on the Board of the Barbados Foundry. A. As the Portuguese and Spanish maintained a strong colonial presence in the Caribbean, the Iberian Peninsula amassed tremendous wealth from the cultivation of this cash crop.  A. P. Haynes is the representative for St. Andrew, C. A. Haynes is on the Volunteer Police Force, W. L. Haynes is the Deputy Registrar, R. W. W. Haynes is a dentist and E. C. Haynes the manager of the Bridgetown Garage. Plantation Homes as they stand in the early 21st century, Plantation houses photo credit: Mohammed Patel. This is a simple text based search. For years Barbados only used sugar for feedstock, as fuel and in the production of rum, but by 1644 the bigger plantations were exporting sugar. After emancipation over half of the near 1000 plantantion-estates became tenantry villages and remain villages to this day. 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