This victory marked the fall of the Aztec empire. The Aztecs didn’t start out as a powerful people. From 1518-1521, Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes and his army brought down the mighty Aztec Empire, the greatest the New World had ever seen. God, Gold, Glory. 1. 4. When Cortés appeared, the Aztecs welcomed him because they thought he might be this god, Quetzalcoatl. Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes' was able to defeat Montezuma and the Aztec empire by the use of force and with the help of native tribes who had been conquered by the Aztecs. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. What was Cortes ordered by Cuba's governor to do (early 16th century)? Conquistadors were Spanish soldiers who led military expeditions in the Americas. Cortes’s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days. Columbus had set sail hoping to … What advantages did the Spanish have over the Aztec? By the mid-1500s the Spanish took over Puerto Rico, Florida, the Gulf of Mexico, Southwestern United States, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas. Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes' was able to defeat Montezuma and the Aztec empire by the use of force and with the help of native tribes who had been conquered by the Aztecs. How was Hernan Cortes able to conquer the Aztec Empire? What diseases did the Spanish bring to the new world and how many Natives did it kill? The Aztecs focused on road construction, while the . history Bartolome de Las Casas was a priest who encouraged better treatment of Native Americans and fought against the encomienda system. The armor needed to be heavy because the heavy steel protected the soldiers from enemy weapons and kept them safe. A mercenary is a soldier who is paid to fight. First, Aztec legend had predicted the arrival of a white-skinned god. I think that the Spanish wanted to convert the Natives to convert to Christianity because they thought Christianity was the right religion and that everybody should be Catholic. The Aztecs go to loot the bodies, but they contract smallpox, and within 2 years, 95% of the Aztec population is dead (about 3 million people). How many Natives were there against the Spanish? Who helped Cortes defeat the Aztecs? The Spanish had steel weapons, cannons, and horses; these advantages helped them defeat the much larger Aztec … They had allies, with the Tlaxcalans being among the most important. Hernan Cortes was a Spaniard thirsty for gold. Cortes' foray into Aztec territory began when he defied orders from his superior in Cuba and set sail for Mexico with 500 men. By around 1400 CE several small empires had formed in the Valley of Mexico and dominant amongst these were Texcoco, capital of the Acholhua region, and Azcapotzalco, capital of the Tepenec. The encomienda system gave settlers the right to tax local Native Americans or to make them work. He was accompanied by a man named Pizarro. Montezuma II was the ruler of the Aztec Empire … These diseases killed 75% of the Native Americans. Cortes: Hernan Cortes was the Spanish Conquistador that destroyed the Aztec empire in the early 1500s. De Las Casas might have spoken out against the encomienda system because he didn't think it was right to treat the native americans as slaves. The advantages that the Spanish had over the Aztec were 16 horses, guns, armor, formed alliances, and diseases, steel. The Spanish had only discovered Mexico in 1518, the year before Cortes landed in Vera Cruz. Third, their horses, armor, and superior weapons gave the Spanish an advantage in battle. The Azcapotzalco forces were defeated by an alliance of Texcoco, Tenochtitlan (the capital of the Mexica) and several other smaller cities. When he heard the Aztecs were a gold mine for gold, he went straight there to get it. took ruler hostage, good fighter, superior technology, proclaimed it for Spain and used Smallpox Superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to … In exchange, these settlers were supposed to protect the Native American people and convert them to Christianity. Smallpox killed hundreds of thousands of the Native Americans, which weakened the Aztec Empire and created political and social instability. Cuauhtámoc, Cuitláhuacs successor as emperor, was taken prisoner and later executed, and Cortés became the ruler of a vast Mexican empire. What advantages did the Spanish have over the Native Americans? Hernan Cortes was the conquistador that conquered the Aztec Empire. Cortés was born in 1485 in Medellín, Spain. He was born in 1485 and died in 1547. He did it through a combination of luck, courage, political savvy and advanced tactics and weapons. Hernán Cortés himself—not Spanish arms, smallpox or Mesoamerican allies—was the catalyst behind the stunning defeat of the Aztec empire Hernán Cortés: Master of the Conquest On Aug. 13, 1521, Cortés and his reinforced army swarmed across the causeways of Tenochtitlan to complete the conquest he had begun less than three years earlier Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. Cortez killed the Aztecs because of the 3 G's. Whih of the following was the most important factor in enabling the Spanish to defeat the Aztec Empire ? What did Cortes learn from his encounter with Malinche? Columbus had landed at San Salvador and explored the West Indies in 1492, when Cortés was a young boy. The Spanish brought chickenpox, smallpox, measles, mumps, and rubella to the new world. What were some things that the spanish conquistadors brought over to the new world? Pizarro first went to the Inca Empire for gold. B. Spanish tolerance of Aztec religion and culture . The advantages that the Spanish had over the Native Americans were 16 horses, some guns and other superior weapons, and alliances with fellow enemies of the Aztec. Hernán Cortés marched boldly toward Tlaxcala in late August 1519, brimming with confidence. In 1545, an unknown disease struck the Aztec Empire.Those who came down with it might become feverish, start vomiting, and develop blotches … There were 80,000 natives and 608 spanish. What did Cortes use to kill the Aztecs in 1521? The four reasons why the spanish went to America were god, gold, glory, and greed. These two empires came face to face in 1428 CE with the Tepanec War. Where did the Spanish takeover by the mid-1500s? Modern armies still use armor to protect them from weapons and keep them safe just like armies in the past. Second, Hernan Cortes and his men had superior weaponry. In May 1521, Cortés returned to Tenochtitlán, and after a three-month siege the city fell. Gold: Cortez thought the Aztecs were hiding gold. Francisco Pizarro was a conquistador that captured the Inca capital and killed the Inca leaders. The Aztecs focused on agricultural innovations, while the Incas focused on road construction. These troops soon joined Cortes, and eventually, after a sequence of events well covered in a variety of sources, the Aztec capital was laid siege to, and taken by Cortes. Why did Pizarro first enter the Inca Empire? Why might de Las Casas have spoken out against the encomienda system? God: the Spanish wanted to spread cathlicism. He pretty much pioneered the use of explosives in battle by inventing the Molotov cocktail. The Aztec empire collapsed and was brought under Spanish control by August of 1521. They rose from humble beginnings as migrants from the north through a combination of military and diplomatic tactics to … Select all that apply. Hernan Cortes was able to defeat the disjointed and non-unified city states during the sixteenth century. The Aztecs were the most dominant force in Mexico at the time and their dominance of other groups in the region created enemies. Cortes and Montezuma. World history. Why didn't Montezuma fight the Spaniards away? Expand the Spanish empire into present-day Mexico. I think the many diseases that the Europeans had helped them the most in the defeat of the Inca and Aztec empires because disease killed the majority (75%) of them. At age 14, Cortés was sent to study law at the University of Salamanca, but he was restless and unhappy. 2. It was not solely a contest between a small contingent of Spaniards defeating the Aztec Empire but rather the creation of a coalition of Spanish invaders with tributaries to the Aztecs, and most especially the Aztecs' indigenous enemies and rivals. He believed he was the God of the legend who was in power when Tenochtitlan fell. Despite limited forces, Cortes won native allies while marching toward the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan; many subjugated tribes resented the harsh rule and steep taxes the Aztecs imposed and were willing to join with Cortes. The Aztec Empire, or the Triple Alliance, was an alliance of three Nahua city-states: Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan. Hernan Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec Empire by scaring the natives with the 16 horses, gaining alliances with the other enemies of the Aztec, having superior and better weapons than the natives (like guns), having armor, and having steel. The natives were most afraid of the horses that the Spanish brought over. Presidios are military forts. history. What were the four reasons why the Spanish went to America. , Hernan Cortes was the result of Cortes ’ s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days these diseases killed %! 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