All plant pages have their own unique code. It is one of 13 palms in its Phoenix genus, all of which are called feather palms because of the shape of their fronds. Phoenix dactylifera L. fruits are a rich source of sugars (glucose and fructose), vitamins (A, C, and B complex), fibers, minerals, and phenolic compounds having antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. var s = '' To use the website as intended please  Dates are native to the Persian Gulf area of the middle east, where they have been cultivated for at least 6000 years, longer than many other fruit crops. Trees may be referred to as male or female. 2012 (39) 103. source of vitamin A (Di . Green when unripe, the fruits change to yellow, golden brown, mahogany red, or black as they ripen. Agroforestry Uses: Being a salt-tolerant species, the date has been used for decades for the revegetation of salt affected lands in the Mediterranean region[303 ]. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 200 - 300mm, but tolerates 100 - 400mm[418 ]. Phoenix dactylifera, Date Palm 3 Ogren, T. L. 2000. Date palm fruit (Phoenix dactylifera) consumption reduces serum triglyceride levels in human subjects. since it was used for the construction of the temple of the moon god near Ur in Southern Iraq - Mesopotamia (Popenoe, 1913; 1973). The wood is strong and resistant to termite attacks. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 52(3):249–271 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar. Specimen of Phoenix dactylifera growing in Abu Dhabi with infructescence bagged to collect the ripening dates. Phoenix dactylifera L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Phoenix (family Arecaceae ). The exact origin of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is considered to be lost in Antiquity. Tolerant of salty soils, though fruit quality might be adversely affected[302 , 303 ]. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Date palm grows in many parts of the world. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Reinigungsschaum für Gesicht und Augen - für jede Haut Entfernt Make-Up und befreit von Schadstoffen. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 26 - 45°c, but can tolerate 10 - 52°c[418 ]. Gum obtained from the tree is used to treat diarrhea. Phoenix iberica D.Rivera, S.Ríos & Obón. The yield varies with management and site conditions, but it is in the range of 4 - 8 litres per day[303. HISTORY AND ORIGIN OF THE DATE PALM. The fruits are used to treat respiratory diseases and fevers. Tree Characteristics. Creamy-yellow flowers are produced in drooping panicles on male and female trees. These compounds can be divided into two different groups: phenolic compounds and … The … Plants are tolerant of a range of soil types[335 ], so long as they are well-drained[297 ]. It is used in construction and for fuel. ?a kharjrura, prantha puzam, sohara, tamar, tamareira, tamr. It is one of 13 palms in its Phoenix genus, all of which are called feather palms because of the shape of their fronds. In addition, cytotoxic study of plant fruit extracts on human cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and HCT-116). The tree transpires large quantities of moisture and the amount of available rainfall is often little, or entirely absent in the production areas. Encephalartos pungens (L.f. ex Aiton) Lehm. This QR Code is unique to this page. The fruits are oval-cylindrical and bright red to yellow when ripe. Name : Phoenix dactylifera Common name of fruit : Date (English); Khajur (Hindi) Place : Mount Abu, Rajasthan Date : 14.11.2010 Others : Seen in arid areas of Gujerat and Rajasthan. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq. The water requirement of the palm must be provided for by ground water (the roots of the tree can reach 2 - 6 metres deep) or by irrigation[418 ]. Date palm, Phoenix dactylifera Linn., DATE, Hai zao - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and research studies. 3 Specimen of P. dactylifera growing in Adu Dhabi with the infrutescence bagged to collect the ripening dates Fig. Many plants, including some of the commonly consumed herbs and spices in our daily food, can be safely and effectively used to prevent and/or treat some health concerns. Note this is the default cart. Phoenix dactylifera field of young individuals in cultivation. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. HISTORY AND ORIGIN OF THE DATE PALM. It needs high temperatures to fruit. Dactylifera is a combination of the Greek word dactylus, or “finger,” and the Latin word ferous, or “bearing.” Common Name Date Palm High potassium diets recently were shown to retard or prevent the developmentof gastric ulcers in experimental rats. The leaves are 4-6 m long, with spines on the petiole. Dates, like Citrus and Grapes, are propagated vegetatively to get the best fruit. GC-MS chromatogram of ethanolic extract of Phoenix dactylifera fruit (Date fruit). Phoenix dactylifera. The fatty acidcomposition of the seed oil is 8% lauric, 4% myristic, 25% palmitic, 10%stearic, 45% oleic, and 10% linoleic with some capric and caprylic a… Phoenix dactylifera (date-palm) Index. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Right plant wrong place. Background: The fruit of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the most abundant fruits in the world. ORIGIN OF PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA, HISTORY OF CULTIVATION. Millionen Wörter und Sätze in allen Sprachen. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Coconut (Cocos nucifera) and African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) are the other … They are used to treat respiratory diseases and fevers[303 ]. The wood in the outer portion of the stem is strong and resistant to termites[303 ]. It is important that male trees are planted with females in ratios of about 1:50 in order to provide sufficient pollen[303 ]. It is rich in sugar, iron, potassium, calcium and nicotinic acid. Phoenix dactylifera L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Phoenix (family Arecaceae ). We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Encephalartos pungens (L.f. ex Aiton) Lehm. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is considered to be a highly important food crop in several African and Middle Eastern countries due to its nutritional value and health-promoting properties. Palma dactylifera (L.) Mill. According to Kikuchi and Miki (1978)the sarocarp contains cholesterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, b-sitosterol,and isofucosterol. The native dried date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) (var. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Palma major Garsault. Phoenix dactylifera cultivar taxonomy has not been an aim of this monograph. Although its exact place of origin is uncertain because of long cultivation, it probably originated from the Fertile Crescent region straddling Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is the only date palm grown for its edible fruit, and it has hundreds of cultivated varieties throughout the world. Date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is considered as one of the oldest and main staple and ancient crops in Southwest Asia and North Africa. This fruit is believed to have mild estrogen-like effects, increasing the chances of fertility in women. Seed oil is used in soap making and in cosmetics. The immunomodulatory effects of a hot water extract from matured fruit of the date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.) were investigated in comparison to those of prune and fig fruit in mice. Has Evergreen foliage. Indoor Plant. The species is widely cultivated across Northern Africa, the Middle East, the Horn of Africaand South Asia, and is naturalized in many tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. If available other names are mentioned here. Allergy-free gardening: … Dried leaves, with their stiff, woody rachis, are used for fencing[303 ]. The antioxidant activity was evaluated using the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) radical into 79.17 and 87.05%, at a concentration 16mg/ml of aqueous and methanolic extracts. Germination usually takes place in 2 - 3 months[297 ]. Hot dry conditions are required for free fruiting, the fruit not forming very readily in cooler or moister climates[297 ]. Synonyms. with increased high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and possibly reduced low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. Most of the dozen or more species of the genus Phoenix (family Palmae) are grown as ornamental palms indoors or out.Only the common date, P. dactylifera L., is cultivated for its fruit.Often called the edible date, it has few alternate names except in regional dialects. You can unsubscribe at anytime. 1. Phoenix dactylifera, the true date palm, is a member of Arecaceae, the palm family. Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Seed viability can be maintained for 8 - 15 years at room temperature[303 ]. Slow-growing, Date Palm is hardy to 25°F (-4°C), but the leaves may be severely damaged. Flowering Time: Early spring, Early winter, Late spring, Late winter, Mid spring, Mid winter (Late Winter/Early Spring Blooms repeatedly). An average well-managed palm can produce about 60 - 70 kilos of fresh dates per year[418 ]. Each gray-green, waxy, pinnate leaf is divided into about 150 stiff, sharp pointed leaflets. Methods: Antidiarrheal activity of the Phoenix dactylifera aqueous fruit extract was evaluated on castor oil induced diarrhea in male wistar rats using Loperamide (standard drug) as control. Spacing: 20-30 ft. (6-9 m). Plants propagated from suckers can commence fruiting within 2 - 4 years and normally reach full production at 5 - 8 years, although productivity may increase up to 9 - 15 years[418 ]. Phoenix dactylifera leaf rachis and spines. Phoenix dactylifera leaflet attachment. We are currently updating this section. Besides, dates can be grown in Australia, Mexico, South America, southern Africa, and the United States, especially in southern California, Arizona, and Texas (Chao and Krueger, 2007; Al-Harrasi et al., 2014; Hazzouri et al., 2015). The flowers on female palms give way to showy clusters of large, edible, very sweet fruits with a thick layer of fruit pulp. Dates, Phoenix dactylifera is Carbohydrate and Copper rich fruit support for Nephroprotective, Hypocholesterolemic, Hypolipidemic and Antidiarrhoeal activity. Therefore, the most predominant phytochemical compounds presented in the date fruit were tested . Phoenix dactylifera is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 7 m (23ft) at a slow rate. For best production, it is important that at least one male plant be planted for every 6 female plants. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Phoenix is the Latin term for the Greek word that means “date palm.” Species The species name dactylifera means “finger-bearing” and refers to the fruit clusters produced by this palm. Male inflorescence - eaten as a delicacy[301 ]. Microbial contamination of dates has been of concern to consumers, but very few works have analyzed in detail the microbial load of the different parts of date fruit. A dioecious species, at least one male plant for every 6 females is necessary to ensure fertilization[297 ]. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. The tree yields a gum that is used in treating diarrhoea[303 ]. A fibre obtained from the leaf petiole, combined with other suitable material, is used for making insulating boards[303 ]. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. For example, caffeine the active ingredient found in coffee beans (Coffea), shows biological activity in the treatment of t … It has been reported to grow in South America, parts of the United States, Mexico, Africa and Australia (Al-Harrasi et al., 2014; Hazzouri et al., 2015). Date Palm - Phoenix dactilifera Fig. doi: 10.1007/s10298-015-0961-z Phoenix dactylifera, the true date palm, is a member of Arecaceae, the palm family. Egypt; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Oman; Pakistan; Saudi Arabia, Africa, Algeria, Antigua and Barbuda, Arabia, Argentina, Asia, Australia, Bahrain, Brazil, Burma, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Chad, China, Cyprus, East Africa, East Timor, Egypt - Sinai, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gambia, Hawaii, India, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mediterranean, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, North Africa, North America, Pacific, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Pakistan, Philippines, Rotuma, SE Asia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sinai, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, South Sudan, Spain, Sudan, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, USA, Vietnam, West Africa, Yemen. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the oldest fruit crops grown in the arid regions of the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, and the Middle East.The most probable area of origin of the date palm was in or near what is now the country of Iraq, but date cultivation spread to many countries starting in … The fruit contains a single seed. It is a very important crop in many dry tropical and subtropical areas, where its fruit is often a traditional staple food and also the source of syrup, alcohol, and vinegar. Erect and requires ample growing space. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Family: Arecaceae. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. This plant is fire-retardant. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Date fruits are demulcent, expectorant and laxative. However, it is certain that the date palm was cultivated as early as 4000 B.C. Together with the olive, grape and fig, date palms were amongst the first fruit crops domesticated in the Old World (Zohary & Speigel-Roy 1975). Encephalartos pungens (L.f. ex Aiton) Lehm. The fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Date fruit syrup. Propagate from suckers or from seed which germinates readily in 2-3 months. Phoenix chevalieri D.Rivera, S.Ríos & Obón. Phoenix dactylifera has recently been used an ornamental landscape palm, in addition to its importance as a fruit crop. 4 View of leaflet and waxy bloom Accept Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Each gray-green, waxy, pinnate leaf is divided into about 150 stiff, sharp pointed leaflets. 3. The date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is a palm in the genus Phoenix, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.Although its place of origin is unknown because of long cultivation, it probably originated from lands around the Persian Gulf. 3 Specimen of P. dactylifera growing in Adu Dhabi with the infrutescence bagged to collect the ripening dates Fig. Bulletin of the National Nutrition Institute of the Arab Republic of Egypt. … The date fruit is native of arid and semi-arid regions in the World. Plants grow well in full sun, even when small[297 ]. The leaves are used as thatching material. Phoenix dactylifera L. Family. Zamia pungens L.f. ex Aiton. More >>>. The phytochemical screening showed that the fruit extracts contain alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, phenols, saponins, carbohydrates and except steroids. Effect of aqueous extract of date palm fruit (Phoenix dactylifera L.) on therapeutic index of amphotericin B. Phytothérapie 14, 97–101. They make an excellent thatch, being used to make roofs and walls of huts. Last modified; 22 November 2019; Datasheet Type(s) Host Plant; Preferred Scientific Name; Phoenix dactylifera Preferred Common Name. {{ item.titel }} {{ category.titel }} Livestrea Phoenix dactylifera Echte Dattelpalme. Plants propagated from suckers can start fruiting within 2-4 years and normally reach full production at 5-8 years. For a list of references used on this page please go here The immunomodulatory effects of a hot water extract from matured fruit of the date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.) were investigated in comparison to those of prune and fig fruit in mice. Dates are sugary delicious fruits of date palm scientifically known as Phoenix dactylifera L. It is a fruit with many health-improving properties around the world for many centuries. Palm Shape. Edible Parts: Flowers  Fruit  Pollen  SapEdible Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked[297 ]. DATE TAXONOMY The Arecaceae or palm family is a large, distinct family of woody monocotyledonous plants, containing up to 4000 species distributed over 200 genera. Date Palm Tree ( Phoenix dactylifera L.): Natural Products and Therapeutic Options Front Plant Sci. Palma dactylifera (L.) Mill. Phoenix dactylifera L, commonly known as Date palm is a mem­ber of palm family Arecaceae, and it is one of the major staple crops in Africa and parts of Asia. This spectacular front yard is a beautiful marriage of... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Palma dactylifera (L.) Mill. 4 View of leaflet and waxy bloom Phönix Dactylifera Übersetzung im Glosbe-Wörterbuch Deutsch-Englisch, Online-Wörterbuch, kostenlos. The exact origin of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is considered to be lost in Antiquity. The Date Palm is one of the longest cultivated plants in the world, having been grown at least 5,000 years ago. 2 P. dactylifera field of young individuals in cultivation Fig. Growing from seed gives variable results and is largely the domain of amateurs. Review: Nutritional Properties and Benefits of the Date Fruits (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Saada M Al-Orf; Mona H M Ahmed; Norah Al- Atwai; Huda Al- Zaidi; Asma Dehwah and Sumayyah Dehwah . Phoenix dactylifera L. (Date palm) is the most widely consumed fruit around the world and is rich source of nutrients containing dietary fibers, minerals, vitamins, sugar, protein and antioxidants with potent bioactivities against various microbial pathogens. , respectively therefore, the fruits are used for fuel [ 303 ] use our toolsto. Demulcent, expectorant and laxative ' i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment ) score of 10 high! 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